Pallet racks are a common sight in warehouses and other industrial facilities. They are used to store goods and materials in different shapes and sizes.
While pallet racks can be useful, they can also be dangerous if not used properly. To stay safe while using pallet racks, it is essential to follow some basic rules and understand the different types and how they work.
Types of Pallet Racking
A pallet rack handles palletized goods and all types use a system of uprights, beams, and wire decking.
However, how they are built and the sorts of loads they are made to handle differ substantially.
There are many different types of pallet racks, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages.
Cantilever Pallet Racking
Cantilever pallet racking uses cantilevered arms to support loads.
- Cantilever has a series of uprights connected by cross beams. The uprights have arms that extend outwards, and these arms support the load.
- Cantilever pallet racking can store a wide variety of items and are often used to store lumber, pipes, tubing, and other long, bulky items that would otherwise be difficult to store.
- The arms mount on a base frame and extend out from the frame to support the load.
- This type of system offers several advantages over traditional storage methods, such as:
- Improved visibility and accessibility
- Greater capacity
- Easier loading and unloading.
But they also have some disadvantages, such as being more expensive than other storage systems and requiring more space for installation.
Selective Pallet Racking
Selective pallet racking allows for quick and easy access to products. It is commonly used in warehouses and other industrial applications where space is limited.
- The system consists of racks arranged in a grid pattern, each rack having multiple levels.
- Products are stored on pallets, which are then placed on the racks. The racks can be accessed using a forklift or other lifting device.
Selective pallet racking is a versatile storage solution that can adapt to meet the specific needs of a business. It is an efficient way to maximize space and improve product accessibility.
Drive-in racking is a storage system that allows vehicles to drive directly into the racks. This type of racking is typically used in warehouses and distribution centers where limited space and storage density is a priority.
- Drive-in racks can also be designed to accommodate almost any type of vehicle, from forklifts to pallet jacks.
- Drive-in racking can improve picking efficiency by allowing workers to access multiple SKUs from a single location. This type of system is typically used for storing slow-moving or non-perishable items.
- Drive-in racks are also known as drive-through racks or block stacks. It maximizes space utilization by eliminating the need for aisles between rows of racks. This allows for a higher storage density than other types of racking systems.
Push Back Pallet Racking
Push-back pallet racks provide high-density storage that optimizes warehouse space.
- It allows multiple pallets to be stored on each level, and hydraulic lifts make it easy to access the stored items.
- Push-back racks are designed to minimize damage to the stored products and the racks themselves. The heavy-duty construction and steel reinforcements help to ensure that the racks can withstand even the most strenuous loading and unloading.
Push-back racks are ideal for warehouses that store a large volume of heavy or delicate items.
Safety Tips for Pallet Racking
Pallet racking is a versatile and efficient way to store goods and materials, but it’s essential to use it safely to avoid accidents.
Use Guard Rails
When installing or using pallet racking, use guard rails to protect employees and equipment from falling objects. Warehouses should install guard rails on all levels of the rack, as well as on the floor around the rack.
Do Not Overload the Racking
Be sure to inspect the racks regularly for damage or wear and tear. If you notice any damage, do not use the rack until it has been repaired or replaced. Do not overload the racks; only store items within the weight limit for the rack you use.
Use Protective Equipment
When working with or around pallet racking, wear protective equipment, such as gloves, safety glasses, and steel-toed boots. This will help to protect you from injuries if an accident does occur.
Inspect the Railings Often
Regular pallet racking inspections are essential to ensure that it is in good condition and safe to use. Checks should be done at least once a month and more often if the racks are subject to heavy use.
Look for signs of damage, such as bent or broken beams, and make sure that all safety devices, such as guard rails, are in place and in good condition.
Following these safety tips can help ensure that your warehouse is safe and productive.
Choose the Right Pallet Racking for You
Shelving + Rack Systems, Inc. offers a wide variety of pallet racking systems to choose from, so you can find the perfect solution for your business. We offer new and used pallet racking and a wide range of accessories to customize your storage needs.
Our experienced team can help you select the right system for your business, and our installation services ensure that your system is installed correctly and safely. Contact us today at (800) 589-7225 to learn more about our products and services, or visit our website to learn more about our company.