How to Decide On an Efficient Pallet Racking Layout?

Pallet Racking Layout

When it comes to industrial and commercial spaces, one of the most important things to consider is the pallet racking layout in your warehouse design. The way that your racks are arranged can have a significant impact on the efficiency of your operations. To choose the most efficient layout and optimize your warehouse, there are a few things that you will need to take into account.

The Benefits of Pallet Racking

If you own a business that relies on storage, you know how important it is to have a well-organized space in your warehouse. Pallet racking is one of the most popular storage solutions for warehouses and commercial retailers. Pallet racks are sturdy, easy to install, and versatile.

They can be used to store just about anything, from boxes of products to heavy machinery. Perhaps best of all, pallet racks can be customized to fit the specific needs of your business. For example, you can choose multiple heights, widths, and depth options to ensure that your racks can accommodate your inventory.

Create a Map of Your Space

Pallet racks can be arranged in a variety of configurations, so it’s essential to think about how you want to arrange your racks before you begin. Mapping out your space helps you optimize your storage and ensure that your facility runs efficiently. While mapping your warehouse racking layout, account for main areas such as:

Loading and Unloading

The loading and unloading area of your warehouse is crucial to the efficiency of your operations. A clear and concise path from the loading dock to the storage area helps ensure that your inventory is moving quickly and efficiently. The layout of your loading and unloading area should be designed to minimize congestion and maximize safety.

For example, you may consider installing conveyor belts or other automated systems to move heavy or bulky items. It’s also essential to have a system in place to track incoming and outgoing inventory. This helps you keep track of your inventory levels and ensure that you meet customer demand.


This is the area where your inventory will be received. When running a business, having a designated receiving area is crucial. The receiving area is where inventory arrives and is checked in. This is usually done by scanning the barcodes and inputting the data into your computer system. This helps ensure that your inventory is moving efficiently and correctly.


These are the areas where you plan to store your inventory. It’s essential to have various storage options available, as this will allow you to accommodate different types and sizes of stock.

For example, if you have large items that need to be stored safely, you’ll want to invest in some heavy-duty shelves. If you have small items that need to be organized efficiently, you’ll want to invest in some smaller storage containers.


These are the areas where your inventory will be picked for orders. Picking is the process of retrieving items from storage and preparing them for shipment. An efficient picking operation can help to reduce shipping costs and improve customer satisfaction by ensuring that orders are filled accurately and on time.

To create an efficient picking operation, it is essential to have a well-organized storage area to locate and retrieve items easily.


The dispatch area is the final stop for orders before they are shipped to customers. Ideally, the dispatch area should be located near the picking area so that inventory can be moved quickly and easily. Once inventory arrives in the dispatch area, it should be sorted and organized so that orders can be processed efficiently.

If possible, orders should be grouped based on the destination so they can be shipped together.

Consider Your Budget

Pallet racks can be expensive, so you will need to make sure you have the budget to accommodate the racks you need. You will also need to factor in the cost of installation and delivery. If you are just starting or expanding your operation, consider used pallet racking to save money. Ask us about our used racking inventory and other material handling equipment.

Select the Right Equipment

Many types of racks are available on the market, each suited for a specific need. So, selecting the type that best suits your needs is crucial. For example, if you are storing heavy inventory, you will need to choose racks designed to accommodate heavy loads like selective racks or cantilever racks for cumbersome products such as furniture.

There are a few other factors to consider, including:

  • Forklift turning radius
  • OSHA requirements and local codes
  • Ceiling height measurements for warehouse racking
  • Sprinkler systems on ceilings
  • Exits and entrances for safety and efficiency
  • Tunnel bays (a cross-aisle that goes through the warehouse rack system)

Plan for Expansion and Scalability

When choosing a pallet racking layout, plan for expansion and scalability. As your business grows, you will need to be able to accommodate more inventory and need a larger storage capacity.

By planning for expansion, you can ensure that your pallet racks will be able to accommodate your future needs. There are several things to consider when expanding your pallet racks to meet your storage requirement:

  • Make sure that the new racks will be compatible with your existing system
  • Determine how the new racks will be configured
  • Determine where the new racks will be located
  • Decide how the new racks will be connected to the existing system

What to Avoid in Your Pallet Racking Layout?

Cantilever Pallet Racking

Optimized racking systems can increase storage space and improve warehouse productivity. However, there are a few things to avoid when choosing a pallet flow racking layout:

  • Avoid overloading your racks. This can lead to damage to your inventory and racks and decreased efficiency. Know the specific weight limits and loading capabilities to protect your staff and stock.
  • Avoid having too much empty space on your racks. This can lead to wasted space and decreased efficiency.
  • Avoid having a disorganized layout. This can lead to confusion and decreased efficiency.
  • Avoid ignoring the height-to-depth ratio. Each pallet system should have a 6:1 height-to-depth ratio to avoid placing the rack at risk of failure. The ratio is measured by dividing the height (distance from the floor to the top beam) by the depth of the frame.
  • Avoid making aisles too narrow. When installing your racking system, ensure you have enough aisle width for foot and machine traffic for optimal efficiency.

Where to Buy Pallet Racking Systems?

If you are searching for the right storage system solution for your business, Shelving + Rack Systems, Inc is your storage partner. We offer a wide variety of pallet racking systems to meet your specific needs, and our team can help you select the perfect option for your facility.

We also offer competitive pricing and a hassle-free installation process, making us the easy choice for all your storage needs. Call us at (800) 589-7225 to learn more about our products and how we can help you maximize your storage space.